Assessing Area-Level Deprivation as a Proxy for Individual-Level Social Risks
June 10, 2023
1 min read
Erika M. Brown, Stephanie M. Franklin, Jessica L. Ryan, Melanie Canterberry, Andy Bowe, Matt S. Pantell, Erika K. Cottrell, Laura M. Gottlieb
This analysis explores how well the highest quartile (cold spot) of three different area-level social risk measures—the Social Deprivation Index, Area Deprivation Index, and Neighborhood Stress Score—corresponds with six individual-level social risks and three risk combinations among a national sample of Medicare Advantage members (N=77,503). Our findings provide additional evidence that area-level deprivation indices may be inconsistent indicators of individual-level social risks, supporting policy efforts to promote individual-level social screening programs in healthcare settings.